What Is A 2 Way Car Speaker?
If you are looking for an upgrade for speakers in your car, you would probably come across with 2 way, 3-way speakers that will not have any meaning for you at the beginning. They are pretty straightforward terms and you will understand what they mean at the end of this page.
If you like to improve the quality of sound in your car, there are unlimited opportunities in the market. After learning more about the meaning of these basic terms that are frequently used in the car speakers industry, you will be able to easily differentiate each product and complete your speaker selection process accordingly.
2 Way Car Speaker Means..
"Way" terms referring to the number of drivers used in the speakers in order to create sound waves. In single speakers, there is only one driver. A single type of speaker creating all ranges of the sound only from one speaker.
Modern, upgraded speakers are designed generally as having at least 2-way. 2-way speakers have two different drivers which are called "tweeter" and "woofer". Tweeters are enabling us to hear "high" sounds such as come from flutes, violin. Woofers are used for strong "low" sounds like that you would probably hear from drums, bass guitars.
Why There is Need for Multi-Way Car Speakers?
High-frequency sounds are reproduced with fast movements of speakers, while the reproduction of low-frequency sounds require slow movements of the speakers. By splitting the reproduction job of these two opposite frequencies into different speakers, it is possible to obtain deeper and high quality.
In this manner, 2-way speakers are differentiating the reproduction of low sounds with a big woofer which generates strong bass sounds. The tweeters build in this type of speakers are generally much smaller compared to the woofers and vibrates relatively faster compared to woofers.
Should I select the speakers with 3 - 4 or more ways?
Theoretically, increasing the number of ways in a speaker could increase the sound quality you obtain. In the market, you may see 3-way speakers which have a mid-range driver in order to reproduce sounds like human voices. In a 4-way type of speaker, there are super-tweeters in order to have crystal clear high-frequency sounds. You may also find some limited 5-way type of speaker which is absolutely unnecessary and will not worth the price you pay for it.
In the same brand, when you increase the number of the ways of the speaker you choose, generally you will have a better sound. However, this does not mean that every 3-way speakers are better than 2 ways. Actually it may be interesting for you to hear that many high-end speakers have no more than 2 ways.
The selection of the speakers highly depends on the design for the sound system of your car. If you are willing to add a strong subwoofer and super tweeters to your sound system, it will be better to let those handle the extreme highs and lows while you can adjust your 2-way speakers accordingly to get maximum quality sound.
Component, Co-axial and tri-axial speakers?
Component speakers have only one driver in it. Unlike multi-way speakers, each speaker has its own specific range of frequency to reproduce. Component speakers are offered in pairs as mid-range woofers, tweeters, and of course with a decent crossover. Crossover is an element of the sound system, that determines the frequency range of each speaker.
Co-axial speakers are multi-driver speakers which each of them sharing the same axis. Most of these type of speakers are two-way speakers, while some 3-way speakers also have a co-axial design.
Tri-axial speakers are 3-way speakers of which speakers do not line up in one axis. These types of speakers are looking elegant in shape.
The terms of component, co-axial and tri-axial are determining the design of the speakers and give hints about the number of drivers it involves, however it is not possible to determine the quality of the sound you will get from speakers only by looking this property.
What to look while comparing car speakers?
In order to select the right speaker for your car, do not forget to answer the following questions for yourself before purchasing anything.
1) Component vs Coaxial
Component speakers can get your audio experience to the next level thanks to advanced crossovers and frequency range specific drivers. However, most of the car speakers are generally the co-axial type of speakers, which you will have to make some-body changes in your car in order to create extra spots where speakers can be added. This is not a very simple process and unless you obtain professional help, you would mess it up most probably.
However for the coaxial, triaxial speakers, what you need to do is just removing old speakers with new ones and you are ready to go!
2) Sensitivity Values of Speakers
The sensitivity of a speaker is an indicator of how loud music you can play with it. Technically, it is the measurement of how many decibels (dB) do speakers create when only 1 watt of energy is transmitted to the speaker.
This is an important figure to look at speakers because, in order to increase the volume by only 3 dB, you need to double the power that is going to the speaker.
A moderate speaker will have a sensitivity of 80 dB. A decent speaker, on the other hand, will have a sensitivity of 92 dB or more.
Let consider you would like to play your music loud and increased volume up to 104 dB to feel like you are in a school prom. A moderate speaker will need 128 watts while a decent speaker will need only 8 watts for reaching 104 dB. Most probably, moderate one will not be able to play the music that loud and we will clarify why in the next section.
If you are not familiar with dB and having a hard time to imagine the decibel level, click here for some examples.
3) The Power Requirement of Speakers
The watts of the speakers are indicating how loud you can play your music with combined the sensitivity of it. For example, if you are going to obtain an 85 dB sensitivity speaker with 8 watts power input, then you will be able to play up to 94dB loud music.
Keep in mind that, stock car amplifiers generally have around 10 watts of power output for every channel. Let's think of an amplifier with 8 channels, 8*10 = 80 watts it will be having as output. So do not make the mistake of calculating the maximum output you can get from an amplifier by calculating according to speaker RMS value and amplifier output only.
One of the very basic but most common mistakes is buying a speaker that does not fit into your car. If you are not going to do bodywork (which is quite hard) we would highly recommend to you for learning the dimensions of speakers of your car to start with.
In order to check if the speakers fit in your car, always double-check it from the internet. Actually, in amazon.com, there is a basic search module that will show if your car is compatible with a speaker or not. For details, see our guide for it.